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“We know that the permeability of the intestines to harmful substances is raised in inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerous colitis, as well as in some other autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes. The condition is called ‘leaky gut syndrome’. Our studies indicate a leaky gut and increased inflammation in the intestinal mucous membrane and related lymphoid tissue before clinical symptoms of MS are discernible. It also appears that the inflammation increases as the disease develops”, said Shahram Lavasani, one of the authors of the study. Dr Lavasani and his colleagues at Lund University have previously shown that probiotic bacteria could give a certain amount of protection against MS."