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    Fantastic talk! Thanks for the info! Thought i’d add a few of the notes I took while listening (first part only).

    Triage theory - strategic rationing when micronutrients are scarce, so the proteins and enzymes that are essential for short-term survival and reproduction get their share of the vitamins and minerals at the expense of the other proteins and enzymes that are essential for more long-term survival functions. Insidious types of damage accumulate, leading to the diseases of aging, such as cancer and neurodegenerative diseases.

    Your metabolism is running the show. Many metabolic pathways need enzymes. About 22% of the enzymes in any given cell require micronutrients as a cofactor in order to function properly.

    Example 1: Magnesium.

    Magnesium is at the center of the chlorophyll molecule, thus it is found in green leafy vegetables.

    • it is required for over 300 enzyme functions.

    -different enzymes require magnesium for different tasks, including the production of ATP, which is obviously an essential function needed for short-term survival.

    • Magnesium is also needed as a co-factor for enzymes to repair damage to DNA

    normal living and breathing in of oxygen is how we make energy (oxidative phosporylation). This process causes reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can damage DNA. This damage can cause double-stranded breaks (the most harmful and difficult to repair) in DNA, leading to mutations and ultimately causing cell dysfunction and resulting in a fatal disease, such as cancer.


    DNA repair is not required for short-term survival - it’s an insidious type of damage that accumulates over decades.

    Example 2: Vitamin K.

    Vitmain K is also found in green leafy plants - it’s required for plants to photosynthesise (make energy).

    • Vitamin K serves as a variety of co-factors for proteins and enzymes necessary for survival, such as coagulation.

    • Vitamin K is also required to activate proteins that pull calcium out of the vascular system (blood vessels / arteries) and bring it to the bone. Again, not important for short-term survival, but calcium plaques can build up over long periods of time and cause atherosclerosis and vascular dementia.

    Your body is going to make that whatever vitamin K you do get is going to go to the liver to make sure that coagulation is taken care of AT THE EXPENSE of the other proteins and enzymes that make sure calcium doesn’t build up in your vascular system.